The effects of using tonal and atonal chords on English sentence structure learning

  • İshak Ersin Kıraç
  • Altay Eren
Keywords: Atonal chord, tonal chord, music, harmony, foreign language teaching


The effects of using tonal and atonal chord sequences on elementary schools students’ English sentence structure learning were examined in the present study. A total of 42 third-grade elementary school students voluntarily participated in the study. A pre-test and post-test with control group quasi-experimental design formed the design of the study. In experimental groups and control group, students were taught past tense structure during four-lesson phases. Lessons were taught through the current activities in English language lesson curriculum such as repeating and fill in the blanks in control group; whereas, in addition to these, they were taught either through a song played with atonal-chord or a song played with tonal-chord in experimental groups. Students’ learning rates regarding the sentence structure in English were assessed via the “Sentence Structure in English Multiple-Choice Test”, originally developed in the study. Findings showed that teaching the topic through a song played with atonal-chord was significantly more effective than teaching the topic both through tonal-chord version of the song and the current curricular activities only. Findings also showed that teaching English sentence structure to students through a song played with tonal-chord was not more effective than teaching the same topic through the current curricular activities only.


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How to Cite
Kıraç, İshak, & Eren, A. (2015). The effects of using tonal and atonal chords on English sentence structure learning. International Journal of Curriculum and Instructional Studies (IJOCIS), 5(10), 57-74.